The contribution of the ancient greeks to modern society from philosophy to literature from medicine

Other words that came from ancient Greek and persist in modern medical usage include: This thinking spread and influenced Greek doctors. It allowed the Greeks to start finding out about the inside of the human body in a systematic way.

The contribution of the ancient greeks to modern society from philosophy to literature from medicine

This new way of thinking spread and influenced Greek doctors, who at Alexandria, Egypt, starting dissecting dead bodies and studying them. Sometimes even bodies of live criminals were cut open. It was through this kind of research that the surgeon Herophilus BC came to the conclusion that it was not the heart that controlled the movement of limbs, but the brain.

Erasistratus BC - BC found out that blood moves through the veins - however, he overlooked the fact that it circulates. Thucydides circa BC - circa BCa Greek historian, often called the "Father of Scientific History", came to the conclusion that prayers were totally ineffective against illnesses and plagues.

He added that epilepsy had a scientific explanation and had nothing to do with angry gods or evil spirits.

At the beginning the doctors were unable to treat the disease because of their ignorance of the right methods. Equally useless were prayers in the temples, consulting the oracles and suchlike. The Four Humors in the Human Body At that time, everybody thought that natural matter was made of four basic elements - earth, water, air and fire.

It was not long that this theory gave them the idea that the human body consisted of the four humors, and that keeping those humors in balance was essential for good health. This theory survived for nearly 2, years up to AD.

The four humors in the human body were: When all the humors are properly balanced and mingled, he feels the most perfect health. Illness occurs when one of the humors is in excess, or is reduced in amount, or is entirely missing from the body.

Did the Greeks perform surgery?

Medicine and math

We know the Greeks dissected dead bodies, and even live ones sometimes to find out what was going on inside. Medical historians doubt whether they performed internal surgical operations.

There were always some Greek states at war, which gave doctors vast experience in practical first aid, and they became skilled experts.

Greek doctors were good at setting broken bones and fixing dislocated ones. They could even cure a slipped disc. As in Ancient Egypt, the Greeks had no anesthetics, and only some herbal antiseptic mixes. Without anesthetics it is virtually impossible to perform surgery deep inside the human body.

How did Greek doctors diagnose and treat patients? The methods for reaching diagnoses by Greek doctors were not that different from what happens today. Many of their natural remedies are similar to a number of effective home remedies we currently use.

Their theory of the four humors though, was mainly an obstacle to medical practice. About two thousand years later, that theory was found to be false. Greek doctors would carry out a clinical observation; they performed a thorough physical examination of their patient.

They would refer to their Hippocratic books for guidance on how to carry out the examinations and which diseases they should consider or try to rule out. Over time, magic and appealing to gods gave way to seeking out natural causes for illnesses. This led to researching for natural cures. Greek doctors became expert herbalists and prescribers of natural remedies.

They became convinced that the best healer is nature. For chest diseases - barley soup, plus vinegar and honey, which would bring up phlegm.Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories and practices that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.

Many components were considered in ancient Greek medicine, intertwining the spiritual with the physical.

According to ph-vs.com, the imprint of the ancient Greeks on Western society spans such diverse areas as politics, philosophy, science, art, architecture and sports. Additionally, according to ph-vs.com, the impact of Greek literature cannot possibly be overestimated. The majority of modern-day society owes its very existence to Greece and its founders. Let us have a look at some of the contributions of this ancient civilization to the modern world. Feb 17,  · Best Answer: The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilization. The ancient Greeks affected our fine arts, government, sports, medics, and philosophies. The Greek culture has had a very profound impact on the way people live ph-vs.com: Resolved.

Specifically, the ancient Greeks believed health was affected by the humors, geographic location, . Ancient Rome made major contributions in the areas of architecture, government, and medicine among others. The Ancient Roman culture was one of the most influential empires of its time.

Many of their contributions can be seen in the world in modern times. Nov 20,  · When it came to magical storytelling, the ancient Greeks were true professionals. Their myths were used to teach people about gods, heroes, nature, and why they practiced their religion the way.

Feb 17,  · Best Answer: The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilization. The ancient Greeks affected our fine arts, government, sports, medics, and philosophies. The Greek culture has had a very profound impact on the way people live ph-vs.com: Resolved.

The contribution of the ancient greeks to modern society from philosophy to literature from medicine

(Martin )In addition to democracy, the Greeks most important contribution to Western civilization, many elements of modern culture are rooted in ancient Greece. Philosophers, especially Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates impacted the way people thought about the world around them.

Ancient Greek thinking and philosophy paved the way for significant advances in medicine. In C.E., Galen was born. He and other doctors would help to spread Greek ideas about medicine to the.

10 Contributions of the Ancient Greeks | Synonym