Although there are certainly several debates against this viewpoint on assisted suicide, it is not up to ethicists to make decisions that infringe upon the rights of the ill and infirm. As it stands, there is a solid argument in favor of human euthanasia or physician assisted suicide.
Participating Physicians Kenneth R. This is a review and evaluation of medical and public literature regarding the reported emotional and psychological effects of participation in physician-assisted suicide PAS and euthanasia on the involved physicians.
Articles in medical journals, legislative investigations and the public press were obtained and reviewed to determine what has been reported regarding the effects on physicians who have been personally involved in PAS and euthanasia.
The physician is centrally involved in PAS and euthanasia, and the emotional and psychological effects on the participating physician can be substantial. The shift away from the fundamental values of medicine to heal and promote human wholeness can have significant effects on many participating physicians.
Doctors describe being profoundly adversely affected, being shocked by the suddenness of the death, being caught up in the patient's drive for assisted suicide, having a sense of powerlessness, and feeling isolated.
There is evidence of pressure on and intimidation of doctors by some patients to assist in suicide.
The effect of countertransference in the doctor-patient relationship may influence physician involvement in PAS and euthanasia. Medicine is devoted to healing and the promotion of human wholeness; to use medical techniques in order to achieve death violates its fundamental values.
Even in the absence of widespread abuse, some argue that allowing physicians to act as 'beneficent executioners' would undermine patients' trust, and change the way that both the public and physicians view medicine.
These PAS advocates have stated that there is no evidence that PAS "legalization would corrupt physicians and thus undermine the integrity of the medical profession," and that "there is substantial evidence to the contrary. In the same way, physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia deserve to be evaluated to determine if they have adverse or harmful effects.
Instead of focusing on the involved patients, this investigation focuses on the reported effects on the doctors who are involved in assisted suicide and euthanasia. This investigation's focus is to determine what has been reported regarding the following questions: What have been the emotional and psychological effects of participation in PAS and euthanasia on the involved doctors?
What have they expressed to others regarding their experiences? Are physicians being pressured, intimidated or psychologically influenced to assist in suicide or perform euthanasia?
What has happened to doctors who have written prescriptions? Have they continued to be involved with assisted suicide with other patients after the experience with the first patient or have they stopped their involvement? Materials and Methods Since the passage of Oregon's assisted suicide law inthe author has gathered and archived articles from medical journals, legislative investigations, and the public press regarding assisted suicide and euthanasia.
This collection of articles numbers into the thousands, including dozens of books on the subject. Other articles were identified and obtained using PubMed and the following search words: Results and Discussion The Netherlands Doctors in the Netherlands who have had experience with assisted suicide and euthanasia, have expressed concerns regarding the effects on doctors.
A report from the Netherlands stated: I wonder what it would be like not to have these cases in my practice. Perhaps I would be a much more cheerful person. We are not trained to kill. With euthanasia, your nightmare comes true.information for research on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, living wills, mercy killing.
The involvement of countertransference with assisted suicide has been evaluated by Varghese and Kelly. 52 They report that: [T]he subjective evaluation by a doctor of a patient's 'quality of life' and the role of such an evaluation in making end-of-life decisions of .
Physician assisted suicide or euthanasia should be a right granted to all citizens who are suffering from a degenerative, painful, or fatal condition that would cause them to be unable to enjoy to enjoy their lives as healthy people do.
Euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide is when action is taken to end the life of a person who is experiencing long-term illness. Euthanasia is against the law in many countries, and in the U.S. EUTHANASIA FACTS. THE BASICS.
Euthanasia Definitions (PowerPoint File). Quick List: Euthanasia Pros and Cons. Arguments Against Euthanasia (PowerPoint File). Reasons for Euthanasia (PowerPoint File).
Quotations on Euthanasia (PowerPoint File). History of Euthanasia (PowerPoint File) History of Assisted Suicide in England and the US (13th through 20th Century). Jun 13, · Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of a person for the benefit of that person.
In most cases euthanasia is carried out because the person who dies asks for it, but there are cases called.